Maintaining Your Periodontal Health
Oftentimes, the first thought when thinking about oral health is to think about your teeth. While the health of your teeth is very important, the health of your gums is just as necessary to maintain. According to the American Academy of Periodontology, more than 75 percent of adults over the age of 35 have some form of gum disease. Gum disease can wreak havoc on the gums and the bones supporting the teeth in the mouth. Gum disease is preventable and treatable, but when left untreated, gum disease can progress into a serious problem. Maintaining your periodontal health can keep you and your mouth healthy.
The Problems With Gum Disease
Gum disease is caused by bacteria, plaque, and tartar buildup along and under the gum line. The gums will become irritated by this build-up and eventually will become inflamed and possibly infected. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. Gingivitis can be treated with an improved oral hygiene routine or a professional cleaning. If it goes unchecked and untreated, the gum disease will worsen into periodontitis, where the built-up bacteria will get underneath the gum line. Your body will try to fight the inflammation, which can ultimately cause the degradation of gum tissue and the bones that support the teeth. The gums can begin to recede and the teeth can become loose. Gum disease also increases your risk of developing overall health complications like diabetes, kidney failure, heart disease, and stroke.
Maintaining the Health of Your Gums
Good oral hygiene which includes flossing twice a day can keep the buildup along the gums at bay. Regular visits and cleanings with your dentist can allow for the identification of early gum disease. If your dentist or hygienist identifies gum disease, you may be recommended to get a deep periodontal cleaning. A deep cleaning involves cleaning beneath the gums and it may even involve cleaning the bones under the gums. These types of cleanings can lower your risk of complications from gum disease.